My Community Analysis Paper
Monterey, originally known as South Tyringham, was considered part of the Tyringham Valley settlements until 1847. It was in that year that South Tyringham separated from Tyringham and took the name of Monterey, allegedly after the victorious battle in the Mexican American War. Present day Tyringham is located North East of modern day Monterey. This area, as well as the rest of modern day Berkshire County, was first inhabited by the Mahican Native Americans until, “The English finally paid the Indians 460 pounds, 3 barrels of cider, and 30 quarts of rum for what is today Berkshire County” (page 5. Wood, David H. Lenox Massachusetts Shire Town. Published by the town of Lenox, 1969).
The little town of Monterey, Massachusetts did not come from humble beginnings, but rather a proud start that began with its inception by state Legislature, in 1735, as a town developed to protect the land along around the Housatonic River and Valley, which was then a main connecting route to the Connecticut Valley and Boston. The first settlers in this region came in 1739; Lieutenant Isaac Garfield and Captain Brewer (Brewer Pond’s namesake) were among those, and helped in building the first saw mill in the area, which ran on the Konkapot River. They were important in helping the mill economy get started in this area.  The industry in this area later grew to include some factories and a fur trade, though the area established itself, in the mid nineteenth century, as a vacation destination.  During the Revolutionary War, Monterey’s main road (now US 20) became known as Knox Trail, because it was here that General Henry Knox and other colonials crossed through from Fort Ticonderoga en route to end the siege of Boston.
Monterey varies in altitude from approximately 1200 feet above sea level, with rough and stony ground that farmers have had to deal with for generations. Monterey is a country community with a focus in agriculture, and is known for its many beautiful woods areas, including Beartown State Forest. The two main lakes are Lake Garfield and Lake Buel, with the Konkapot also running through the middle of town. The Berkshire Hills also encounter 90 miles of trails that are a part of the Appalachian Trail, which runs from Georgia to Maine. The town falls within Berkshire County, approximately 120 miles from both New York City and Boston. “Berkshire County is the western most county in Massachusetts. It extends from north to south across the western portion of Massachusetts, with the state of New York to its west, the state of Vermont to the north, and the state of Connecticut to the south.” Berkshire County is comprised of: Adams, Alford, Becket, Cheshire, Clarksburg, Cummington, Dalton, Egremont, Florida, Great Barrington, Hancock, Hinsdale, Housatonic, Lanesborough, Lee, Lenox, Monterey, Mount Washington, New Ashford, New Marlborough, North Adams, Otis, Peru, Pittsfield, Richmond, Sandisfield, Savoy, Sheffield, Stockbridge, Tyringham, Washington, West Stockbridge, Williamstown and Windsor.
v Total Area: 27.32 square miles
v Land Area: 26.50 square miles
v Water Area: 0.82 square miles 
Married w/no Children
Single w/no Children
Sex and Age
Under 5 yrs. old
85 years and older
18 years and over
21 years and over
62 years and over
66 years and over
While the economy at one point relied on milling, Monterey’s biggest industry, as is typical of the region, tends to be rooted in its role as a vacation town. Monterey’s population rises to over double its normal numbers, as people flock from the city to swim and kayak at Lake Garfield or Lake Buel; hike in Beartown State Park, the Appalachian Trail, or Diane’s Trail. The county is a cultural explosion during the summer, which helps with the increase in visitors to Monterey. Berkshire County is known the world over for being the home of: Tanglewood, the summer home of the Boston Symphony Orchestra; The Mount, Edith Wharton’s home; the Norman Rockwell Museum; MassMOCA (Massachusetts Museum of Modern Art); the Clark Art Museum; Shakespeare & Company; Chesterwood; Bidwell House; Jacob’s Pillow Dance Studio; Hancock Shaker Village; and Berkshire Botanical Gardens to name just a few.
The downtown businesses consist of: The Post Office; the Monterey General Store; Grenadier Pottery (self-employed artist), the Town Hall offices; the Police Station and the Fire Department. Many of the other businesses in the area are small enterprises or family owned, for example, Rawson Brook Farm and Tryon Farm. There is also a non-profit organization, Gould Farm**.
(** denotes that half of the population that makes up Gould Farm are not full-time Monterey residents).
Recent Job Growth
Future Job Growth
Incomes per Capita
Form of Government: Board of Selectman
Open Town Meetings
Year incorporated as a town: 1847
Registered Voters: 503 persons
Democrats: 182 persons (36.2%)
Republicans: 94 persons (18.7%)
Un-enrolled Voters: 227 persons (45.1%)
Students in Monterey attend the following schools: The Monterey School (one room schoolhouse, Kindergarten only), Undermountain Elementary (Pre-K-6th), New Marlborough Central School (Pre-K-4th), and Mt Everett Regional School (7-12th).
Transportation and Access
The main roadways of Monterey are US 23 and Route 57, which also connect to Route 7. Airports are available both in Great Barrington and Pittsfield. Major railways service comes into Pittsfield and North Adams, with the Housatonic Railway in Sheffield. There are no bus or taxi services available in Monterey.
Meant To Be. Retrieved June 1, 2007. Website: http://www.berkshirebiz.org/Visit_the_Berkshires.html.
Cyber Haus. (1998). A Revolutionary Day Along Historic US Route 20. Retrieved June 4,
2007. Website: http://www.revolutionaryday.com/usroute20/tour.htm.
Erwin, Marie. (2007). Southern Berkshire Regional School District. Retrieved
May 31, 2007. Website: http://www.sbrsd.org/.
J&J Consulting (2007). Highlights of Monterey. Retrieved June 2, 2007.
Mensch, Ann. (2000). Massachusetts History <-> Genealogy. Retrieved
May 30, 2007. Website: http://home.att.net/~Local_History/MA-Berkshire-Co.htm.
ONS Inc. (2006). The Berkshires of Western Massachusetts: Monterey and New
Marlborough. Retrieved June 1, 2007. Website: http://www.virtualcities.com/ons/ma/x/as/maxb0a34.htm.
Sperlingers Best Places: 01245-Monterey, MA: Neighborhood Profiles. Retrieved June 1, 2007. Website: http://www.bestplaces.net/zipcode/default.aspx?cat=EDUCATE&zip=01245&city=Monterey_MA.
The Berkshire Visitor’s Bureau. The Berkshire: Nature, Culture. Harmony.
Retrieved June 2, 2007. Website: http://www.berkshires.org/.
Town of Monterey. Welcome to the Town of Monterey Massachusetts. Retrieved June 1, 2007. Website: http://www.montereyma.org/Public_Documents/index.
US Census Bureau. (2000). American Fact Finder: Massachusetts -- Place and County Subdivision. Retrieved June 1, 2007. Website: http://factfinder.census.gov/servlet/GCTTable?_bm=y&-geo_id=04000US25&-_box_head_nbr=GCT-PH1&-ds_name=DEC_2000_SF1_U&-format=ST-7.